Durobrivae: A Review of Nene Valley Archaeology

Between 1973 and 1984 the Nene Valley Research Committee published 9 volumes of a booklet called “Durobrivae: A Review of Nene Valley Archaeology”. The editor was John Peter Wild and each volume included short articles by archaeologists and historians who were busy investigating sites that would be impacted by the rapid growth of Peterborough new town.

Click on the images or links in the index below to open the relevant volume. Please note that some mobiles may download the file - approx 15,000KB

Inevitably, this website has much content which references "Durobrivae". If it is not this publication you are looking for then try the following links:

VOLUME 1 - 1973

 

Longthorpe, an essay in continuity

Nene valley archaeology in microcosm from Neolithic to Anglo-Saxon

Author: John Peter Wild

Page 7

A Romano-British Cemetery and Farmstead at Lynch Farm

50 burials with Christian characteristics close to farmstead

Author: Richard Jones

Page 13

Potter's Oven, Castor

Excavation of two domestic buildings including a kitchen with 3 ovens

Author: Donald Mackreth

Page 14

The Nunnery of St Kyneburgha at Castor

Anglo Saxon and Medieval occupation over north wing of Roman site

Author: Carolyn Dallas

Page 17

A possible house of Neolithic period at Fengate

Wood and pottery dated to about 3000BC

Author: Francis Pryor

Page 18

The Roman Fishpond at Lynch Farm

Barn, fishpond and drainage channels

Author: John Peter Wild

Page 20

The Lynch Farm complex: the prehistoric site 

Ditches, cremation burials and a polished greenstone axe

Author: Adrian Challands

Page 22

An Early Bronze-Age burial at Perio

Excavation of an oval pit containing body, dagger and pottery

Author:John Hadman

Page 24

Perio, the Finds

16th century BC three-riveted round-heeled dagger and a beaker sherd

Author: David Coombs

Page 25

A colour-coated Hunt Cup in the Royal Ontario Museum

Reassembled wheel made beaker with bear-baiting decoration

Author: Alison Harle Easson

Page 27

Three Iron tools from Lynch Farm

Anvil, hammer and axe found in the aisled barn at Lynch Farm

Author: William Manning

Page 29

VOLUME 2 - 1974

 

Roman Industry in Normangate Field

Workshops, kilns, mausoleum, aisled barn and possible shrine

Author: Geoffrey Dannell

Page 7

Fengate 1973: Flint Projectile Points

Flints among 6,000 finds from excavation of early Fengate settlement

Author: Francis Pryor

Page 10

A Roman Industrial Site and Villa at Sacrewell

A domestic building and 8 iron-working furnaces

Author: Adrian Challands

Page 13 

A Terracotta Head from Sacrewell

The small, fired head of a statue

Author: Professor Jocelyn Toynbee

Page 17

Furnace-Lining from Sacrewell

Clay containing limestone for furnace linings helped flux the ore

Author: Roger Norwich

Page 18

Hall Farm, Orton Longueville

Saxon buildings, pits and hearths on site of late Roman Farm

Author: Donald Mackreth

Page 19

An Inaglio from Hall Farm

Carved red jasper gem depicting Cupid on a two wheeled cart

Author: Martin Henig

Page 20

The Longthorpe Roman Fortress, 1973

Excavation of a barrack block with 14 sets of rooms

Author: Professor Sheppard Frere

Page 20

Edmund Artis, Antiquary

Archaeologist, geologist, artist, botanist, ornithologist, and restaurateur

Author: Steven Tomlinson

Page 22

The Lynch Farm Complex: Recent Work

Quadruple 400m Iron Age defensive ditches

Author: Adrian Challands

Page 23

Tout Hill Close, Peterborough

1700 pits and evidence for wooden buildings

Author: Donald Mackreth

Page 24

The Roman Villa at North Lodge, Barnwell, 1973

Roman building with evidence for agricultural and industrial use

Author: John Hadman, Stephen Upex

Page 27

A Roman and Saxon Farm at Walton, North Bretton

Romano-British farm house plus Saxon pits and ditches

Author: Richard Jones

Page 29

VOLUME 3 - 1975

 

Fengate 1971-1974

Interim report on settlement and land use from Neolithic to Romans

Author: Francis Pryor

Page 7

The Waternewton Hoard

Bowls and Roman coins discovered in 1974

Author: Catherine Johns, Robert Carson

Page 10

The Roman Settlement at Ashton near Oundle

Evidence for a small planned nucleated settlement at the Nene crossing

Author: John Hadman, Stephen Upex

Page 13

A Roman Pottery Kiln at Sulehay near Yarwell

A second century kiln and analysis of associated pottery

Author: John Hadman, Stephen Upex

Page 16

Longthorpe , 1974

Roman kilns of Longthorpe fort built on the edge of an Iron-Age ditch

Author: Geoffrey Dannell

Page 18

Two Roman Stamped Tiles from Peterborough 

A recent find from Sacrewell and a 19th century find from Bainton

Author: Adrian Challands

Page 21

The Roman Villa at Helpston

Layout of the villa partially dug by Artis and again in the 1960s

Author: Adrian Challands

Page 22

Roman Leather Shoes from Lynch Farm

Fourth century child's shoe recovered from a stone lined well

Author: June Swann, Alison Metcalfe

Page 24

A Belgic Farmstead at Orton Longueville

Partial excavation of a late Iron-age and early Roman farm

Author: Carolyn Dallas

Page 26

An Anglo-Saxon Strap-End from Bulwick, Northants

Photo and sketch of a bronze strap end

Author: Carolyn Dallas

Page 28

Industrial and Vernacular Architecture, 1974

London Road windmill and other development affected buildings 

Author: Richard Hillier

Page 29

Stop Press

Breaking news of a second Roman hoard from Water Newton!

Author: John Peter Wild

Page 30

VOLUME 4 - 1976

 

The Water Newton Silver Treasure

Listing of items comprising the hoard discovered in 1975

Author: Kenneth Painter

Page 7

Fengate, 1975

A newly found late Iron-Age settlement with detail of houses & ditches

Author: Francis Pryor

Page 10

The Death of the Ailsworth Witch

A Saxon charter records transactions in Yaxley and Ailsworth

Author: David Hill

Page 13

A Multiple Round-Barrow at Barnack

17 burials within a funerary site with 3 construction phases

Author: Peter Donaldson

Page 14

The Barnack Grave-Group

Beaker, dagger, and other grave goods from the Barnack barrow

Author: Ian Kinnes

Page 16

A Late-Roman Nail-Cleaner with Peacock

Detail on a small bronze object found in 1971 at Lynch Farm

Author: Sonia Chadwick Hawkes

Page 17

Industrial and Vernacular Architecture, 1975

Notes on buildings demolished to make way for Queensgate

Author: Richard Hillier

Page 18

Roman Iron Working at Longthorpe

Evidence of iron production and working at Longthorpe fortress

Author: Judith Todd, James Cleland

Page 19

A Significant Findspot for a Penny of Harold I

A rare silver penny from the Stamford mint

Author: Professor Michael Dolley

Page 20

A Roman Limekiln at Helpston

A substantial kiln with well preserved stonework close to King Street

Author: Adrian Challands

Page 22

Hall Farm, Orton Longueville

Multiple buildings and features from the final season at Hall Farm 

Author: Donald Mackreth

Page 24

A Roman Farm at Castor, 1975

Three periods of changing land use at Normangate Field

Author: John Peter Wild

Page 26

The Old Workhouse, Cumbergate, Peterborough

Early 17th century house, then Old Workhouse and then Almshouses

Author: Richard Hillier

Page 27

The Manor and Deerpark of Torpel

History of an extensive medieval manor with site plan

Author: Frances Crowther

Page 29

Two Bronze Vessels from Stanground

Review of a bronze cauldron and bronze pan discovered in 1966

Author: Carolyn Dallas

Page 30

Recent Aerial Photography

Crop mark examples from Fengate, Tansor and Castor

Author: Stephen Upex

Page 32

Longthorpe Holy Well

The grotto, ponds and garden features 

Author: Donald Mackreth, Francis O'Neill

Page 34

The Treasures of Durobrivae

Protection of historic sites from treasure hunters and the plough

Author: Graham Webster

Page 36

VOLUME 5 - 1977

 

Ashton, 1976

Results of the 1974-75 excavation revealing  a small town

Author: John Hadman, Stephen Upex

Page 6

The Lead Tank from Ashton

A large lead tank with Chi-Rho monogram from a well at Ashton 

Author: Christopher Guy

Page 10

A Triple Ring-Ditch at Maxey

Emergency excavation of a Neolithic or Bronze-Age feature

Author: Robert Powell

Page 12

Fengate, 1976

Excavation of a Bronze Age house and evolution of field systems

Author: Francis Pryor

Page 14

Two Groups of Anglo-Saxon Pottery

Analysis of pottery finds in the museum from the Ortons and Glinton

Author: Carolyn Dallas

Page 17

Orton Hall Farm - the Saxon Connection

Saxon presence at the Orton Hall site in the 5th century

Author: Donald Mackreth

Page 20

Recent Aerial Photography

Crop mark images taken in 1976 at Northborough and Etton

Author: Stephen Upex

Page 22

The Roman Villa at Cotterstock

A plan of the Roman villa first unearthed in the 18th century

Author: Stephen Upex

Page 24

Retrospect: Douglas Ellicott

An enthusiast appreciated in Salisbury, Whittlesey and Australia

Author: George Dixon

Page 26

The King's Dyke Burials

Eight burials from Roman period with evidence of mutilation

Author: Adrian Challands

Page 27

Industrial and Vernacular Architecture, 1976

Notes on buildings demolished to make way for Queensgate

Author: Richard Hillier

Page 30

From the Museum

Four prehistoric implements including a polished flint knife

Author: Miranda Green

Page 31

Burgh Park

Location of the medieval Burgh Park

Author: Richard Hillier

Page 32

The Archaeological Field Centre - Ham Lane House

New home for the Nene Valley Research Committee

Author: Adrian Challands

Page 34

VOLUME 6 - 1978

 

The Antiquary and the Poet: Artis & Clare

Friends who shared interest in archaeology, poetry and natural history

Author: Steven Tomlinson

Page 6

Fengate: the Evolution of a Landscape

Bronze Age to Romano-British transition at Cat's Water

Author: David Cranstone

Page 10

A Group of Roman Pottery from Fengate

Fixing a date for a group of Nene Valley pots

Author: John Hayes

Page 12

Three New Bronze-Age Weapons

Pryor favours "domestic" rather than "ritual" explanation

Author: Francis Pryor

Page 14

Early Plants in the Nene Valley: an Interim Report

Comparison of Fengate and Longthorpe environmental analysis

Author: Gay Wilson

Page 17

Three Mediaeval Sites from the Air

Crop mark examples from Wakerley, Caldecote and Bainton

Author: Stephen Upex

Page 19

From the Museum

A Roman sword from Whittlesey and belt-mount from Longthorpe

Author: Martin Howe

Page 21

Industrial and Vernacular Architecture, 1977

Notes on buildings demolished to make way for Queensgate

Author: Richard Hillier

Page 23

The Car Dyke

Results of a survey of Car Dyke between the rivers Nene and Welland

Author: Arnold Pryor

Page 24

Ramsey Abbey's Manor at Elton I: the Archaeology

A manor at Elton discovered during construction of a flood bank

Author: Francis O'Neill

Page 26

Ramsey Abbey's Manor at Elton II: the Documents

Documentary history traced back for over 900 years

Author: Stephen Upex

Page 28

Excavations at Bridge Street, Peterborough

Evolution of Peterborough in Medieval and Post Medieval periods

Author: Francis O'Neill

Page 30

The Itter Farm Site, King's Dyke

Excavation of a Romano-British site on the "island" of Whittlesey 

Author: Adrian Challands

Page 32

Exhibition 6000

An archaeological exhibition at the PDC's Touthill offices

Author: Adrian Challands

Page 35

VOLUME 7 - 1979

 

A Decorated Sherd at Cambridge

Discussion of a Nene Valley ware sherd from Cambridge museum

Author: Graham Webster

Page 6

The Early Courses of the River Nene

Pre-Roman and Roman courses of the Nene based on aerial photos

Author: Robert Evans

Page 8

The Final Season at Fengate

Fourth Drove and Cat's Water excavations (Bronze Age to Iron Age)

Author: Francis Pryor

Page 11

Industrial and Vernacular Architecture, 1978

Demolition and re-development in the city centre

Author: Richard Hillier

Page 13

The Stone of Group VI Rock from Lynch Farm

Manufacture, transport and re-working of stone axes

Author: Stephen Briggs

Page 14

The Cambridgeshire Archaeological Committee

Structure and fieldwork of organisation established in 1973

Author: Alison Taylor

Page 16

Bog Oaks: a Key to Dating the Past

Use of dendochronology, radio-carbon and magnetic silk dating

Author: Valerie Taylor

Page 18

Durobrivae

Collation of information and a plan based on aerial photographs

Author: Donald Mackreth

Page 19

Roman Ironworking and an Anvil from Nassington

A 6kg blacksmith's anvil recovered during field-walking

Author: Adrian Challands

Page 21

Barnack 1978-9

Interpretation of barrow, ditch and trackway

Author: Donald Mackreth, Francis O'Neill

Page 23

Aerial Photography 1978

Crop mark examples from Oundle, Maxey and Helpston

Author: Stephen Upex

Page 26

Ashton 1977-8

Recent excavations throw light on Late Iron Age phases of the site

Author: John Hadman, Stephen Upex

Page 29

Peterborough New Town: Ten Years On

Update on properties listed in a 1969 "Survey of the Antiquities"

Author: Richard Hillier

Page 30

From the Museum

Setting up a new archaeology gallery at the museum

Author: Martin Howe

Page 32

A Roman Intaglio found near Durobrivae

A cornelian gemstone with engraved eagle found near Durobrivae

Author: Martin Henig

Page 34

VOLUME 8 - 1980

 

Some Pitfalls in Aerial Archaeology

Successes and mistakes from the extensive aerial surveys of the area

Author: Stephen Upex

Page 6

Pottery of "London Ware" Type from the Nene Valley

Second century pottery

Author: Robert Perrin

Page 10

The Monastic Church before 1116

Work undertaken by Irvine and Micklethwaite in 19th century

Author: Donald Mackreth

Page 11

Fieldwork Survey of the Soke of Peterborough

Field by field survey revealing new Iron Age, Roman and Saxon sites

Author: David Hall, Paul Martin

Page 13

Raising the Fengate Dead

Excavation techniques used to lift Fengate skeletons

Author: Francis Pryor

Page 15

More Finds from the Fens

Bronze Age palstave and socketed spearhead

Author: Maisie Taylor

Page 19

Magnetic Geophysical Prospecting

Use of proton-magnetometer and subsequent geophys devices

Author: Adrian Challands

Page 21

Industrial and Vernacular Architecture, 1979

Removal of old power stations and building of Queensgate

Author: Richard Hillier

Page 22

Werrington: an Iron-Age and Roman Site

Excavation of  enclosures and ring ditch (near Ken Stimpson school)

Author: Donald Mackreth, Francis O'Neill

Page 23

The Molluscs from the Werrington Enclosure

Inferences about groundwater conditions and land use

Author: Charles French

Page 26

From the Museum

Funerary pot and brooch

Author: Martin Howe

Page 28

VOLUME 9 - 1984

 

Iron Age Metalwork from Orton Meadows

Swords, currency bars and other metal objects

Author: Ian Stead

Page 6

Neolithic Etton: a waterlogged "Causewayed Camp"

Axe handle and Mildenhall pottery from a Neolithic ditch

Author: Francis Pryor

Page 8

Buried Sites in the Peterborough Fens

Dyke survey produces 500 timbers - start of the Flag Fen story

Author: Francis Pryor

Page 10

Prehistoric Woodworking in the Fens

Contrasting wooden finds at two sites

Author: Maisie Taylor

Page 12

Edmund Artis: the Obituary of 1849

Interests and skills of this early geologist and archaeologist 

Author: Peter Crowther

Page 14

From the Museum

Viking Spearheads

Author: Martin Howe

Page 16

Recent Work on Monastic Peterborough

Burgh wall, and early evolution of the monastic church

Author: Donald Mackreth

Page 18

Castor

Interpretation of the Roman finds close to the church

Author: Donald Mackreth

Page 22

Ashton Roman Town

Excavation of a small Roman town

Author: Brian Dix

Page 26

Ashton 1979-82

Earlier excavations updated

Author: John Hadman

Page 28

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